Title: Michael Hamburger, correspondence with associated literary manuscripts and other material.
Classmark: BC MS 20c Hamburger
Creator(s): Hamburger, Michael (1924-2007)
Main language: English
Size and medium: 21 boxes; manuscript, typescript, postcards, press cuttings, and printed material (some photocopy).
Collection group(s): English Literature
Comprises a collection of 2396 autograph manuscript and typescript letters and postcards to Michael Hamburger from 249 correspondents between 1929 and 1994 (many of them well-known literary figures), and 5 autograph letters from him to 2 correspondents between 1966 and 1995. Significant amounts of literary material (manuscript, typescript, printed) are included with some of the correspondence, notably that from Michael Horovitz, Christopher Middleton, Philip O'Connor, and Peter Viereck.
Michael Hamburger, the poet, translator and literary critic, was born in Berlin in 1924 into a German-Jewish family which emigrated to England in 1933. He read Modern Languages at Christ Church, Oxford, although his studies were interrupted by war service from 1943-1947. After the war he held posts at University College, London and the University of Reading. From 1964 onwards he was a guest lecturer and visiting professor at various American universities, but mostly devoted himself to freelance writing and translation. His translations have won many prizes and awards, notably the Schlegel-Tieck prize three times, and he has translated - among others - from Baudelaire, Celan, Hölderlin and Enzensberger. His literary critical study, 'The truth of poetry', was published in 1969 and his 'Collected poems' in 1984.
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