Collection: MS 1656: Leeds General Infirmary Nurse Training Collection

Archive Collection icon Archive Collection: Leeds General Infirmary Nurse Training Collection

Details

Title: Leeds General Infirmary Nurse Training Collection

Level: Collection 

Classmark: MS 1656

Creator(s): Leeds General Infirmary

Date: 1856-1972

Main language: English

Size and medium: 32 volumes; manuscript books

Persistent link: https://explore.library.leeds.ac.uk/special-collections-explore/585262 

Collection group(s): Medical Collections

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Description

Contains 28 volumes of registers relating to the training of nurse probationers at the Leeds General Infirmary; and 4 registers of nurses enrolled in the Territorial Army Nursing Service.

Administrative or biographical history

Nurses have been employed by the Leeds General Infirmary since it’s opening in 1767, though in its first hundred years there was no system of training them. Nurses at the Infirmary were originally managed by the Matron, and they would have lived onsite. This continued until 1945.

A system of training was launched in 1868 once Clara Jones, the first Superintendent of Nurses, joined in December of that year. The role of Superintendent was to replace that of Matron until 1940 when the latter title was reinstated.

Now nurse practitioners were in training for a year as probationers, and many of those trained stayed on to work at the Infirmary. From November 1876 nurses also received lectures from the honorary staff.

A ‘Nursing Institution’ was proposed in 1870, but a new building for this purpose was not opened until 1879. The one year training course was extended to three years by the 1880s, during which time Leeds had gained a reputation for its nurse training. An extension to a four-year training course was made in 1905, where nurses in their fourth year were given the title of ‘Staff Nurse’.

1919 was a turning point, as the year when the nurse registration process came into being. This was due to the passing of The Nurses Registration Act in that year, which led to the formation of the General Nursing Council and nurse examinations. With the new system, a Sister Tutor was appointed to provide the nurses lectures in anatomy, physiology and hygiene. State Registration was introduced in 1921.

The Infirmary established a Preliminary Training School in 1919. Two years later the University of Leeds became the first university in Europe to establish a Diploma in Nursing. The Infirmary was also one of the first teaching hospitals in England to train State Enrolled Nurses (SEN). Nurse training continues to be provided at the University of Leeds within the School of Healthcare.


Sources:
S.T. Anning, The General Infirmary at Leeds Volume I: The First Hundred Years 1767-1869 (E&S Livingstone Ltd, Edinburgh & London, 1963) and, The General Infirmary at Leeds Volume II: The Second Hundred Years 1869-1965, (E&S Livingstone Ltd, Edinburgh & London, 1966)

Provenance

The nurse training registers were a gift of the School of Healthcare Studies. They were previously listed on the Special Collections online catalogue as a collection-level description only.

These records were catalogued as part of the Wellcome Trust-funded Medical Collections Project (2015-2018).

Arrangement

The registers have been arranged into four series, to represent the four different types of registers:
MS 1656/1: Nurse Probationer Registers
MS 1656/2: Nurse Training Registers: Private Records
MS 1656/3: Nurses Training Registers
MS 1656/4: Territorial Army Nursing Service Registers

Access and usage

Access

This collection is subject to various access conditions. Please see individual catalogue descriptions for further details on access.

Reproduction

Material in this collection is in copyright. Photocopies or digital images can only be supplied by the Library for research or private study within the terms of copyright legislation. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain the copyright holder's permission to reproduce for any other purpose. Guidance is available on tracing copyright status and ownership.

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Related subjects

WARNING: many of our records have not been classified by subject. So if you search our catalogue by subject using the links below then you are unlikely to find all relevant records. But you will find some...

Nursing

Schools, Nursing

Hospitals, Military

Nurses

Hospitals, General

Education, Nursing

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